Saturday, 20 February 2010
Wednesday, 25 November 2009
Thursday, 5 November 2009
Overall the farm seems to be in a weak state.Two main options: to sell and moving into the crisp market.There are many factors that success depends on such as the financial problems,bargaining position,probability of success,the prices of the product which is produced at the moment(potatoes) and the demand for the product and so on....
There is a small amount of net profit gained for business.The return on capital employed is just 0.83 which is a very small reward for business.So this is the obvious point to be an evidence for moving into crisps market.Also the acid ratio shows the low liquidity of the business.Also the loan is much more that the business actually earned,which may cause risk and difficulties to the business to make decisions and invest in the future.
The proportion of 2008 sales to its main customer is 80%,ehich means most of the products has been sold by the leading UK supermarket.However the prices has been falling down 18% ,plus the forecast shows us that in the future potato prices will rise(+10%)...but actually it will fall because of inflation(an increase in RPI:+18%).So there's no point to stay in this market as the price of the product will fall therefore this will lead to a fall in revenue and probably profit as well.
These 2 reasons are the most important factors to consider about to move into crisp market.Other factors that prove that it's more beneficial to move to a new market is the background of staff.
As Romily has been working in the Walker crisps company and has made a rapid progress there,therfore she has to be very experienced and has knowledge about the new market.
The decision tree shows us that there are more possibilities of success than failure in financial terms of the business.
Furthermore, demand for crisps is likely inelastic(PED=0.6).this is beneficial because the business could have greater control over the price as there are less competitors.
My recommendation is that to move to the crisp market.Eventhough, the proportion of the Uk adult population that is overweight or obese will likely to increase ,plus there is oligopoly in the crisps market so that there are barriers to entry, accepting to move into the crisp market is still more hopefully and beneficial than staying in potatoes farming.
Wednesday, 4 November 2009
Sunday, 18 October 2009
Working capital(net current assets)=current assets - current liabilities
The working capital cycle:
Factors influencing the level of working capital:
- The nature of the product: Items such as clothing that must be displayed in order to entice customers require higher inventory levels that those that do not need display
- The durability of the product: Companies try to have lower levels of inventories of perishable items or finished products that may become unfashionable
- The efficience of suppliers: If suppliers can supply large quantities at short notice ,a business will be able to hold lower inventory levels
- Lead-time: If it takes a long time to make a product,companies will be more likely to hold them in the stock
- Customer expectations: If the customer is prepared to wait ,it may be unnecessary to hold inventories;if the customer wants the item immediately,inventories should be held.
- Competition: A business needs to match its rivals,so invetory levels are influenced by the policies of competitors
- Causes of working capital difficulties:
- Failure to control inventory levels: as high levels of inventories 'tie up' resources unnecessarily and cost the business money in storage costs
- Poor control of receivables(debtors) : a firm that allows receivables to delay payments needs to hold higher levels of other current assets,such as cash ,as a precaution.
- Cash-flow problems: a firm that pays its payables too quickly will damage its working capital.
- Poor internal planning and coordination: If individual departments of a firm are unable to meet targets ,working capital problems will occur.
- External factors: Unforeseen changes can affect consumers' tastes.If the business is not able to adapt quickly ,this may lead to unsold stock or low levels of cash.
- Solving working capital problems:
- Inventory control : Ideally inventory levels should be maintained at a low level,as this means that less money is tied up in inventories
- Low inventory levels: reduce the needs of storage space,and the chances of damage,deterioration and obsolescence.
- Receivables control: this can be achieved by:
- Managing credit control
- Chasing up late payers
- Obtaining a credit rating
- Controlling the quality of the service of the product
Thursday, 15 October 2009
- Company accounts:
*Income statement: Income statement, also called profit and loss statement and Statement of Operations, is a company's financial statement that indicates how the revenue (money received from the sale of products and services before expenses are taken out, also known as the "top line") is transformed into the net income (the result after all revenues and expenses have been accounted for, also known as the "bottom line").
- Purposes and users of company accounts:
- MAnagers: managers use information to record financial activities,plan appropriate courses of action,control the use of resources,and analyse and evaluate the effectiveness of actions and decisions taken in financial terms
- Employees: employees can assess the security of their employment and the ability of the firm to provide them with reasonable wages by examining the financial position of the business.
- Owners and investors: Investors want to compare the financial benefits of their investment with alternatives,such as shares in different companies or placing their savings in a bank.
- Government: The government wants to know that the business has met its legal requirements and that it has paid certain levels of tax.
- Competitors: Competitors are able to compare their performance against rival companies and benchmark their performances.
- Suppliers: Suppliers want information about a firm's financial situation before agreeing to supply materials
- Customers: Customers want to know if the company is financially sound and that guarantees and after-sales servising agreements are secure.
- The local community: The local communities relies on businesses for employment and wealth creation.
- Analysing balance sheet:
- Non-current assets: tend to be owned by an organisation for a period of more than 1 year
- Current assets: tend to be owned for less than 1 year
- Assets:items that are owned by an organisation
- Non-current assets: resources that can be used repeatedly in the production process
- Tangible assets: non-current assets that exist physically
- Intangible assets: non-current assets that do not have a physical presence,but are nevertheless of value to a firm
- Current liabilities: are debts scheduled for repayment within 1 year
- Non-current liabilities: are debts due for repayment after more than 1 year
- Share capital:the funds provided by shareholders through the purchase of shares
- Reserves and retained earnings: those items that arise from increases in the value of the company,which are not distributed to shareholders as dividends,but are retained by the business for future use.
- Purposes of the balance sheet:
- Recognising the scale of a business: adding non-current assets to working capital and gives an overall view of the capital employed by a business and thus its overall worth
- Calculating the net assets of a business:The balance sheet shows the overall worth of a business:its total assets minus its total liabilities.
- Gaining an understanding of the nature of the firm: the structure of a firm's assets may give information about the nature of a business
- Identify the company's liquidity position: Comparing liquid or current assets with current liabilities shows whether a firm is going to be able to avoid cash-flow problems
- Showing sources of capital: the balance sheet shows whether a company is raising its finance from retained profits or long-term loans
- Recognising the significant of changes over time: Continual scrunity of the balance sheet can identify any undersirable changes that take place
Tuesday, 13 October 2009
There's been plenty of lip service paid to electric vehicles in recent years, but the fact remains that in many communities, they're still more frequently discussed than actually seen. Not so in several U.S. neighbourhoods, however, where golf carts and other diminutive electric vehicles are part of the very fabric of community life.
With many of the same gas-free benefits offered by larger electric vehicles—but considerably lower price tags—neighbourhood electric vehicles, or NEVs, are the transportation of choice for residents of several large retirement communities, Golf carts are a common sight on the streets and specially designed paths of The Villages community in Florida, for example—and not just the ordinary, plain-vanilla variety. In fact, many of the community's 77,000 retired residents "pimp their rides" to look like fire trucks, 1930s roadsters and stretch limos, Wired reported, spending as much as USD 20,000 in the process of swapping in bigger tires or hacking engines to surpass the traditional golf cart's maximum speed of about 20 mph. Similar sights are apparently seen in other communities around the country, including the retirement mecca of Sun City, Arizona, and the all-ages suburb of Peachtree City, Georgia. Accessories are sold by companies like GoNEV.
Driver's licenses are not typically required for most golf carts, but full-fledged NEVs—which are street-legal in most states—require insurance and registration, Wired reported. Either way, such vehicles offer not only eco-benefits and credentials, but apparently also those of the more neighbourly kind: "If your neighbour is in his yard, you can't drive by in your golf cart without waving and saying hello," Gary Lester, VP of community relations for The Villages, told Wired. Chrysler's Global Electric Motorcars is one major maker of NEVs, selling its vehicles for as low as USD 3,644 with tax credits.
Lower prices, fewer emissions and social benefits on top of an eco-iconic appearance and government tax incentives? Legal and insurance issues notwithstanding, sounds like a potential winner to us. Who will put golf carts at the forefront of *your* community's next planning venture...?
The base arguement for this type of car is "is it neccessary and reasonable for demand for cars nowadays."So there are 2 main discussions:
In the credit crunch situation like this,pepople are likely to safe as much money as possible.So with the low price such as USD 3,644,its not expensive to buy a car.So probably,this could be a good idea to expand this product to the market.
It has a lot of benefits and convinient for people to use it like with many of the same gas-free benefits offered by larger electric vehicles—but considerably lower price tags—neighbourhood electric vehicles.Therefore,pollution will be reduced and negative externality will be less. Also,
Driver's licenses are not typically required for most golf carts, but full-fledged NEVs—which are street-legal in most states—require insurance and registration.. so people will not waste their time to get a driving licence and it's a very simple type of transportation.
- But there are plenty of costs in this product as well.
First of all,money invested to supply and produce the product is high.It has high technology equipments and materials,which needs a big amount of money from the start.So in the long run,with economy of scale,it may gain profit as the average cost per every unit is getting lower.
Secondly,the speed of this type of transport.It just has maximum speed of about 20 mph,which is very low competing with other cars.So in needs of emergency or busy work,this car won't help much.
This type of cars is so simple that it even doesn't have windows....so what's the point of driving it,if there's no windows.Furthermore,if you look at the pictures of those cars,it just has 2 sits on it which means,it's definetely not suitable for big families.